What is Arthrosis? Its Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Arthrosis Meaning

“Arthrosis” means a disease of bone joint. The term “Arthrosis” comes from the Greek root word “arthros” meaning “joint”.

Arthrosis Definition

Arthrosis refers to a joint of bones or an area where two bones are fixed for the purpose of allowing movement of body parts. It is generally formed of cartilage and fibrous connective tissue. However, the term also refers to a chronic degenerative disease of bone joint. It is associated with a disparity between the production and deterioration of bone cells.

Arthrosis of a joint results in the degeneration of breaking down of the cartilage in the region. With time, the degeneration of cartilage can result in loss of free movement in the joint.

In a joint, the cartilage forms a covering over the end of the bone. This helps the movement of joint with minimum friction. Wearing down of the cartilage begins with cracks that gradually become deeper until holes or ulcers are formed at the bone end.

White arrows: arthrosis, red arrows: isolated processus anconaeus

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Arthrosis Symptoms

Arthrosis can lead to a number of symptoms such as


The condition can be very painful. Sufferers of Arthrosis commonly experience in the affected joint. Pain arises whenever the joint is used and subsides with rest.


The person can also experience unusual firmness in the joint in absence of proper cartilage functionality. The joint gets stiffer and stiffer with time.


The wearing of the cartilage can give rise to inflammation in the affected joint. Inflamed joint can be very painful at night.

Arthrosis Treatment

Arthrosis is mainly cured with Orthopaedic treatment. Patients of Cervical Arthrosis have to wear a foam cervical collar that provides relief to the muscles by partially supporting the weight of the head. The circumference and height of the collar must be properly adjusted to keep the neck and head in correct position.
Patients can wear collars during painful episodes in the neck.

Types of Arthrosis

Arthrosis can be of different kinds. These are Cervical Arthrosis, Facet Arthrosis, Coxarthrosis,        and AC Joint Arthrosis.

Cervical Arthrosis

It refers to a chronic degeneration of the cartilage between the cervical vertebrae. In other words, it develops locally at the neck area. The disease usually occurs in people who are around 40 years of age.

Arthrosis Cervical Symptoms

The disease is marked by pain at the root of the neck. The neck gets stiff and head movement becomes more and more difficult. The pain can spread towards the arm and shoulder.

In some cases, the condition can be asymptomatic. The disease is common in people who work for long hours with their head bent such as those involved in computer jobs. It is present in almost all individuals in varying degrees but is more common in women. “Cervicarthrosis” is another name for this condition.

Cervical Arthrosis Treatment

Treatment of Cervical Arthrosis usually depends on the seriousness of the syndrome. Mild cases of this disorder are treated with the aid of rest, drugs and regular exercises.

Home remedies for Cervical Arthrosis include hot showers, aerobic exercises and rest. Over-the-counter medicines are also very useful in providing relief from the syndrome. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like Ibuprofen or Aspirin and non-narcotic analgesics are quite useful in reducing swelling and pain in sufferers.

Facet Arthrosis

Facet Arthrosis is also known as Facet Syndrome or Facet Joint Syndrome. The disease is more common in elderly people. Facet Joint Arthrosis also results from an injury.


Facet Arthrosis

Source: drwolgin

Facet Arthrosis Causes

It occurs when facet joints in the posterior part of the spine wears out. Facet joints are bone joints with smooth cartilage surface. Degeneration of this smooth cartilage results in Facet Arthrosis.

Facet Arthrosis Symptoms

The symptoms of this condition involve headache, neck pain, back pain and reduced range of spinal movement. It mainly affects the neck and lower back.

Facet Arthrosis Treatment

Facet Arthrosis is treated by various ways. Mild cases are cured with the aid of medications and posture correction. More painful cases are treated with physical activity, exercise and activity modification.


Coxarthrosis is a degenerative Arthrosis disease affecting the hip joint of sufferers. It is also known as Arthrosis of the hip joint.

Coxarthrosis Causes

Arthrosis of hip commonly occurs due to increasing degeneration of the joint cartilage. The loss of cartilage in bone joint gives rise to this discomforting condition.

Coxarthrosis Symptoms

The disease causes pain in the hip joint. The joint also becomes increasingly stiff. This impairs daily activities and even mobility. Sufferers find it increasingly difficult to walk.

Coxarthrosis Treatment

Coxarthrosis is mainly treated with surgical therapies. If orthopedic therapies and medicines prove unsuccessful in reducing symptoms, hip joint replacement is necessary.

Right coxofemoral joint coxarthrosis

Source: medreflexline

Left coxofemoral joint coxarthrosis

Source: medreflexline

Lumbar Arthrosis

Lumbar Arthrosis is a disease of the spine that is caused by chronic degeneration between the lumbar vertebrae. It is also known as “Lumbar Spine Arthrosis” or “Arthrosis of the spine”.

Lumbar Arthrosis Causes

The disease occurs mostly due to abnormal posture or repeated cases of bad body position during work or sports. This leads to chronic wear between the lumbar vertebrae and also of the intervertebral disk.

Lumbar Arthrosis Symptoms

This condition is characterized by “backache” or pain in the spinal region. The pain is experienced mainly during movement and workouts. Physical activities cause the vertebrae to rub together which can result in temporary pain.

Lumbar Arthrosis Treatment

This medical disorder is mainly cured with the aid of standard or custom-made immobilization braces which allows the spinal muscle to rest and keeps the back in a good posture. A lumbar support belt also decreases the pressure exerted on the vertebrae. There is a widespread opinion that a lumbar support belt enhances the risk of muscle loss. This is however, a misconception.

AC Joint Arthrosis

It is a common degenerative disease that leads to pain and discomfort during shoulder movement. The condition can lead to the development of osteoarthritis in middle aged sufferers.

AC Joint Arthrosis Causes

The disease results from an injury due to a fall or hyperextension of the shoulder due to activities like weightlifting.

AC Joint Arthrosis Symptoms

Arthrosis shoulder disease gives rise to tenderness and pain in shoulder joint in the early stages. The pain increases with activities that require arm extension such as lifting heavy objects. A mild pain may also be felt in other regions like the front of the chest and the neck.

AC Joint Arthrosis Treatment

The condition is treated with the help of natural medical therapies such as Prolotherapy.

Arthrosis vs Arthritis

Distinguishing between Arthrosis and Arthritis is often confusing. But the two are completely different syndromes. Arthrosis is a non-inflammatory condition that involves wearing of the cartilage of the joints. But Arthritis is characterized by an inflammation of the joints.


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2 Responses to “What is Arthrosis? Its Causes, Symptoms and Treatment”

  1. diana jane solerEnter Name says:

    I have had an operation on middle right hand finger and got osteomielitis which resulted in the loss on the 3rd falange. The index is now with the nail white and curved like the other and it is swollen and painful

  2. santhoshkumar says:

    My wife aged 40 years is having regular pain in her joints especially elbows. We have consulted a physician and he had given some medicine for joint pain, the blood report on ESR was also normal. This was three months back. Now again she is having pain on her elbows with a slight burning sensation over the area. She is complaining that her body pains while laying or sitting idle for some time. Even holding telephone for some time increases the pain. Today the nearby homeo doctor told her that this a situation called “arthrosis”. Whether it is possible that such disease can occur in age of 40s. Kindly advise us in this matter and the possible treatments. She is the house maker having two children aged 18 yrs and 11 yrs doing all the household alone. Thank you.

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