What is soft tissue sarcoma?

Soft-tissue sarcoma is the cancerous tumor developing in the soft tissue (connective tissue) of the body. Soft tissue is the tissue that connects, support the other body structures. Soft tissue include muscles, blood vessels, nerves, the end portion of the muscle attached to the corresponding bone (tendon), lining of the joint cavity (the synovial cover) and fat tissue.

What is Paget’s disease of bone?

Paget’s disease of the bone is a disease characterized by an abnormal resorption of bones affecting one or multiple bones. The disease is initiated by an intense wave of bone destructing activity (osteolysis) with resorption of normal bone resulting in irregularly shaped resorption pattern created on the affected bone, which is followed by vigorous bone deposition activity (osteoblastic activity) forming bone after a variable period. The affected bones in Paget’s disease becomes weakened and distorted and may undergo severe complications as the condition progresses.

What is plasma cell gingivitis?

Plasma cell gingivitis is a condition that often consists of a mild enlargement of the gums at the marginal areas which may extend to the gums attached over the alveolar bone. The condition is also known as atypical gingivitis, plasma cell gingivostomatitis and plasma cell granuloma.
The condition was first reported in 1970s after an chewing gum ingredient caused allergic reaction leading to inflammation of the gums.

What is fragile X syndrome?

Fragile X syndrome is the most common inherited cause of mental retardation in boys. Apart from mental retardation there are number of characteristic physical feature in fragile X syndrome patients like long face, protruding ears and single crease on the palm. People suffering from fragile X syndrome show poor social interaction as they avoid eye contact with others, avoids people and usually suffer from attention deficit hyperactivity disorder characterized by poor attention span, inability to concentrate to any activities and hyperactivity.

What is acetaminophen poisoning?

Acetaminophen poisoning occurs due to an overdose of a commonly used painkiller drug acetaminophen (paracetamol). Poisoning with this drug is one of the most common causes of sudden onset liver failure.  In most cases of acetaminophen toxicity does not lead to any symptom within the first 24 hours but if present the symptoms include vague abdominal pain with nausea and vomiting followed by symptoms of acute liver failure.

What is urinary incontinence?

Urinary incontinence is medical condition where there is unintentional leakage of urine. Urinary incontinence is mainly of three types namely stress, urge and overflow incontinence depending upon the circumstances under which leakage of urine occurs. There are number of underlying medical conditions that may cause urinary incontinence such as diabetes, enlarged prostate, neurological disorders like spina bifida, multiple sclerosis, strokes and other conditions.

About Testicular Torsion

Testicular torsion is a medical condition characterized by rotation of the testes following twisting of the spermatic cord inside the scrotum. Stoppage of blood supply to the testes presents as severe swelling and pain the testis. Although men of any age may suffer from this condition usually young boys between the age group of 12 and 16 are at increased risk.

What is a retinoblastoma?

Retinoblastoma is a type of cancer that affects the cells of the retina of the eyes. In developed countries retinoblastoma has very good cure rate of about 95 to 98%. Approximately 9 out of 10 children suffering from retinoblastoma lead a healthy adult life. There are two forms of retinoblastoma one is hereditaryand other form is not inherited.


Wilson’s disease is a hereditary disorder where there is deposition of copper in a number of vital organs of the body like the liver, brain and eyes.  It is an uncommon inherited disorder. There are number of symptoms that arises with calcium deposition depending upon the organ involvement. Common symptoms include clumsiness, tiredness, convulsion, impaired kidney function, heart failure and infertility.

What is a dental composite?

Dental composite restorative material is the most commonly used tooth-colored restorative material in dental practice. It is a compound of two or more distinctly different materials with properties that are superior or intermediate to those of their individual constituents. Traditionally a dental composite refers to a mixture of silicate glass particles within an acrylic monomer which hardens by polymerization reactions.