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Women’s Health

What is ectopic pregnancy?

Ectopic pregnancy is a complication of pregnancy where the implantation of the growing embryo occurs outside the uterine cavity. The most common site of ectopic implantation of the growing fetus is in the fallopian tubes although implantation may occur in the cervix, ovaries and even in the abdominal cavity. Ectopic pregnancy is considered an medical emergency and if not managed early and adequately there is a risk of heavy bleeding and even death of the pregnant women.


Diarrhea is less common than constipation in pregnancy. However, it may occur for the same reasons as diarrhea in non-pregnant women as well as being a consequence of the elevated hormone levels associated with pregnancy. Diarrhea in pregnancy should always be monitored closely by a medical professional as it can lead to complications that may threaten the fetus and jeopardize the pregnancy if it persists beyond two days. The greatest danger in this regard is dehydration, however, with infectious causes there is also the risk associated with fever and a spread of the infection. Sometimes diarrhea occurs early in the first trimester along with nausea and vomiting (‘motion sickness) but should not be considered as a sign of pregnancy. However, diarrhea in later pregnancy may be a sign of impending labor.


What is Cervical Cancer?

Cervical cancer is a slow progressing cancer that develops and grows in the tissue around the cervix. Basically, the cervix is the area of the female reproductive system that connects the uterus to the vagina. Cervical cancer is considered to be the second most common cancer for women worldwide. In the United States alone approximately 12,200 women were diagnosed with cervical cancer and out of that 4,210 died in 2010. Out of this population around 58% of women were between 45 to 74 years old. Based on several studies the five year survival rate for cervical cancer between the years 1999 to 2006 was 70%. Improved outcomes for cervical cancer can be seen due to the latest vaccines and new early screening tests.

cervix location

Cervix Anatomy

Source: Wikimedia Commons


Nature confers many surprises on a woman during her pregnancy. The unpleasant morning sickness to the natural glow on the face and of course, the excitement of the first kick is some features that are bound to occur.

However, it is assured that no expecting mother would like the surprise of premature birth as it is known to pose a serious threat to the child as well the mother.

Almost all of us are aware of the identifiable causes of premature birth such as drug usage, alcohol consumption, cigarette smoking, poor diet, improper care, etc that can be avoided. However, in many instances, even if the above mentioned causes are taken care of, still a premature birth can happen.

Let us look at some of these causes –

  • The most common cause of premature birth is premature rupture of the membranes (Prom). This happens when the membranous bag containing the amniotic fluid and the baby develops a hole or bursts. As a result, the fluid may start leaking from the vagina which again could be a slow trickle or a large gush. There are no certain factors due to which PROM may be caused, but excessive amniotic fluid, vaginal infection or multiple babies are some of the common causes.