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Dental Health

Ankyloglossia Definition

Ankyloglossia is popularly known as tongue tie. It is a condition where the frenulum of the tongue, a fibrous band of tissue connecting the tongue to the floor of the mouth,  is short or located too much towards the front of the tongue. The abnormal frenal attachment leads to limitations in the movement of the tongue tip and tongue movements. It a congenital disorder and is commonly seen affecting families. The mild form of the condition may causes slight discomfort or speech defect, whereas the severe forms can cause complete attachment of the tongue to the floor of the mouth.


Definition

Gingivectomy is a procedure involving removal of gingiva and periodontal tissue to achieve healing. It involves surgically removing (excision) of soft tissue walls lining a periodontal pocket. A periodontal pocket is a condition which is characterized by deepening of the gingival sulcus surrounding a tooth. The deep sulcus leads to accumulation of food particles and further problems as the condition progresses. It may lead to periodontal abscess or loosening of the tooth from its socket due to loss of attachment.


Tooth Decay Definition

Dental caries, commonly known as tooth decay, is one of the most common dental diseases affecting the general population. It is caused by microbes infiltrating tiny cavities that form in the hard outer surface of the teeth. The bacteria casing dental caries lead to various chemical reactions on the surface of the tooth and some of these reactions cause localized demineralization of the tooth structures. Dental caries can severely compromise the tooth structure and eventually lead to loss of the tooth.


What is myofacial pain dysfunction syndrome?

Myofacial pain dysfunction syndrome is disorder characterized by unilateral pain referred from trigger points located in the muscle in the facial region. It should not be confused with myofascial pain syndrome which relates to triggers points that can occur anywhere in the body. It is one of the most common stress related orofacial pain disorder and most of the times it is mistaken for other disorders related to the temporomandibular joint. The disease is related to several contributing factors varying from muscular injuries to physiological stress.


Teeth Crowding Meaning

Crowding of the teeth is a common problem encountered at various stages of development of the teeth. The severity of crowding may vary depending on various factors. In general crowding of teeth is caused due discrepancies in the size of the jaws and size of the teeth. Larger sized teeth with small sized jaws to accommodate them, lead to clinical crowding of the teeth. Crowding may be present as a normal part of developing dentition and may be self correcting. Crowding when the permanent teeth erupts requires orthodontic attention.


What is hypodontia?

The first human teeth erupt around 6 months of age and are known as the milk teeth or deciduous teeth. It is then replaced by the permanent teeth later on in childhood. Sometimes this normal process is impaired where the teeth do not erupt at all. Hypodontia is condition characterized by failure of the formation of teeth. The disorder is of developmental origin and more commonly affects the permanent teeth rather than the deciduous teeth.


What is an overbite?

Overbite or deep bite is a type of malocclusion where there is excessive vertical overlapping of upper dental arch over the lower dental arch. The upper dental arch is larger than the lower dental arch which naturally allows the upper teeth to overlap lower teeth. This overlapping of the lower arch occurs in both horizontal and vertical direction. The term overjet is used for overlapping in the horizontal direction. The vertical overlap is known as overbite. An excessive overbite leads to formation malocclusion termed as deep bite. It is one of the most commonly encountered types of malocclusion with the opposite commonly referred to as an underbite.