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Neuropathic pain is nerve pains which occur in varying degrees and in different areas of the body caused by several factors. It is one of the most common discomforts of man and has been a favorite research topic of medical practitioners and scientists.

What is Neuropathic Pain?

Neuropathic pain is the painful consequence when the somatosensory system of the body suffers from a lesion.

Types of Neuropathic Pain

There are different types of it according to its characteristics.

Peripheral Neuropathic Pain

This kind of neuropathic pain is experienced due to a peripheral nerve lesion which leads to overly sensitive development of spontaneous pathological activity characterized by heightened sensitivity to chemical, mechanical and thermal stimuli as well as abnormal excitability. Those who suffer from this condition experiences autonomic changes, weakness and sensory changes however the location of the abnormal neuron responses varies on where the lesion occurred. They are extremely sensitive to touch that is marked by a prickly or tingling sensation that begins at the toes or ball of the fit leading to numbness and inability to feel temperature change.

Approximately10,000 Americans have Huntington Disease. It has several devastating effects on the life of the patient and their children have a 50/50 chance of inheriting the gene which results to this condition.

Huntington Disease Historical Definition

Huntington Disease is a rare degenerative brain disorder which there is no cure yet discovered. It was named after Dr. George Huntington who first described this type of hereditary abnormality. It mostly affects the muscle coordination of patients and which may also lead to dementia or cognitive decline due to the early deterioration of particular neurons of the brain.

Huntington Disease

Source : wikipedia

Cancer, one of the most deadly diseases known to human kind, is actually a disease of cells, the basic unit of a living body. Cancer is caused due to abnormally high rate of cell division in a particular organ or tissue system of the human body.  In a normally functioning organ or tissue, cell division is a controlled process. The process of mitosis (cell division) occurs in the organ only when new cells are needed. Cell division is a process of check and balance, which helps maintain the proper structure and function of the organ or tissue. However, disruption of this check and balance process, can result in uncontrolled cell division, that eventually forms a mass of proliferated cells, known as tumour.

Lung Cancer

Lung cancer is due to uncontrolled cell division in the pulmonary cells. As mentioned earlier, uncontrolled cell division results in the formation of tumours. Tumours can be benign or malignant in nature. Benign tumours are non-cancerous and can be easily removed by operation.

Lung Cancer

Source : flickr

Myelo Dysplastic Syndrome (MDS)

Myelo dysplastic syndrome (MDS) is often called as bone marrow disorders. It is defined as group of blood disorders wherein the healthy blood cells in the body is interrupted. Most of the time, these are productive blood cells which are defective and were unable to do their jobs. These blood cells are often destroyed before it can even enter the bloodstream thus most of the patients who suffer from MDS have low blood count with very limited cells in their blood.

All three blood cells in the body are affected by MDS which includes red blood cells, white blood cells and even the platelets.

What are the Different Types of MDS?

There are two common types of MDS. These are refractory anemia and refractory anemia with excess blasts.

The rest of the classifications are as follow

  • refractory cytopenia with unilineage dysplasia
  • refractory anemia with ringed sideroblasts
  • refractory anemia with excess blasts-1
  • refractory anemia with excess blasts-2
  • myelodyplastic syndrome associated with isolated

    bone marrow

    Source : wikipedia

Cushing Syndrome

Cushing Syndrome is a disease which is not exclusive to human alone but extends to other mammals like dogs and horses. It is characterized as the condition wherein high level of cortisol is produced in the blood which results to rapid weight gain particularly in the face and trunk.

Cushing Syndrome Symptoms

  • Telangiectasia or the dilation of capillaries
  • Hyperhidrosis or excessive sweating
  • Hirsutism or the appearance of facial male pattern hair growth
  • Baldness
  • Thinning of the skin
  • Central Obesity

This is commonly known as belly fat but clinically referred to as central obesity since the fat is accumulated in the waist area of the body.

This is characterized by the occurrence of fat pads on the back of the neck and along the color bone which resembles that of a buffalo hump.

cortisol and Systematic (IUPAC) name

Source : wikipedia

What is an Eating Disorder?

Eating disorders are complex and are typically characterized by their extremes. A person with eating disorder can either be overeating or under-eating. These eating disorders can occur in varying intensity and over a varying period of time. People of both sexes and all ages can experience eating disorder. It is not uncommon for people to suffer from chronic eating disorders. This usually happens due to very high levels of stress or due to unhealthy eating practices motivated by ones weight and body shape. Usually, such disorders are of low intensity as in the person’ food intake increases or reduces gradually but with the passage of time, the person starts to either too much or too less. Despite years of scientific research, the human community has not been able to fully comprehend the biological, behavioral and social reasons for eating disorders

Eating Disorders Facts and Statistics

About 8 million Americans have one form of eating disorder. One in every 200 Americans women suffers from anorexia while two to three women in 100 American women suffers from bulimia. Around 10-15% of people with anorexia or bulimia are males. About 20% of people suffering from anorexia die prematurely because of complications related to their disorder. This also includes people with heart problems and those committing suicide.


Source : flickr

Itchy skin is very common skin condition for both the sexes and people of all ages can suffer from an itchy skin. Itchy skin usually leads to severe discomfort especially in a social setting. As the name indicates, itchy skin is very often accompanied by a desire to keep scratching the surface of the skin. Though such scratching may seem to provide a temporary relief, it may as well increase the underlying complications of the disease. Itchy skin is also medically referred to as pruritus and may be a result of psoriasis or dermatitis. Itchy skin can either occur throughout an individual’s body or may be concentrated in one particular part of the patient’s body.

Itchy Skin Causes

There are different itchy skin causes. The most common itchy skin cause is said to be dry skin and this condition occurs when the skin is exposed to cold and dry outdoors and also warm and dry indoors.


Source : wikipedia

Itchy skin can be a result of skin conditions, rashes, internal diseases, nerve disorders, irritation and allergic reactions, drugs and pregnancy. Eczema (dermatitis), hives, scabies, psoriasis, chickenpox, lice and dermatographism are known to cause itchy skin.


Itchy Rash

What is a Rash?

A rash is the abnormal change in the skin and this change affects the texture, color and appearance of the skin. The rash might affect an individual’s entire body or may be just localized at one part. Rashes can be painful and might cause the skin to become cracked, dry, sore or itch. Thus the treatment for rashes varies depending on different factors.

What is an Itch?

Itching is an unpleasant feeling in the human body that causes the reflex or desire to scratch.  Research has proved that itching has a number of similarities to pain but their behavioral response patterns are different. While itch leads to scratch reflex, pain leads to withdrawal reflex.

Itchy Rash Vs Non Itchy Rash

Rashes can be of two types, they could either induce an itching sensation or they might be non itchy rashes. While conditions such as goose bumps, roseola, skin tags and warts are non itchy, conditions such as bumpy hives, folliculitis and acne are itchy in nature. The severity of the itching sensation varies from disorder to disorder. For example, a person suffering from severe psoriasis will suffer from itchy rash condition where as an individual suffering from mild psoriasis may not feel the urge to itch. At times, severe sun poisoning condition also might lead to itchy rash condition.

Itchy Rash

Source : flickr

Side Effects of Painkillers

Painkillers are being increasingly used in every household and these include both over the counter painkillers and the ones that are prescribed by doctors. Painkillers are used mostly for temporary relief from pain and are regularly used and prescribed for medical conditions such as migraines, arthritis, back injuries and others. Many a times, painkillers are prescribed for aiding in the recovery process after surgeries. As with any other product, excessive use of painkillers can have many side effects. Some of these side effects of painkillers are simple in nature and do not cause any severe harm. However, some other side effects of painkillers have been known to cause additional harmful complications in the human body. Medical practitioners ensure that they have some remedy for the painkillers suggested by them. But, patients taking over the counter painkillers should be extremely careful as they not bear the risk the harmful side effects of painkillers but may also lead to painkillers addiction if consumed in excess over a prolonged duration. There have been extensive studies reported in the side effects of painkillers. Pregnant women should be extra careful while taking painkillers as some of the painkillers may have undesired effects on the unborn kid. Some of the common side effects of painkillers which also manifest as painkiller addition symptoms are Constipation, Drowsiness, Addiction, Cardiovascular and Respiratory Effects and Mental Side Effects.

Painkillers Tablets

Source : flickr

Cures for Cough

Coughing is a way by which the body removes foreign bodies from the human body and keeps the throat and airways clean. However, many a times, coughing is a symptom of other disease or disorder and it is very important to know how to treat a cough. Coughs can either be dry or productive. Productive coughs are those that bring out mucus from the body. The mucus is also known as phlegm or sputum. Depending on the duration, cough can be categorized into acute coughs, sub-acute coughs and chronic coughs. Chronic coughs could last longer than 8 weeks whereas sub-acute cough and acute cough can last for 3-8 weeks and 3 weeks respectively.

Causes of Cough

Most coughs occur due to infection in the upper airways. These infections can occur due to common cold and flu. Other causes include asthma and exposure to certain allergic substances. Lung infections particularly those caused by pneumonia or acute bronchitis also lead to chronic coughing. Diseases such as bronchiectasis, interstitial lung disease, tumors, gastroesohageal reflux disease can also lead to coughing. Excessive exposure to secondhand smoke air pollutants are also common causes for soughing. Certain medications especially those that are used to control blood pressure can also cause coughing.

Cures for Cough

Source : flickr